Diseases of Fruits and Vegetables Diagnosis And Management, Volume I by S.A.M.H. Naqvi

Bibliographic Information:
Title: Diseases of Fruits and Vegetables Diagnosis And Management
Editor: S.A.M.H. Naqvi
Edition: 1st
Publisher: Kluwer Academic Publishers
Length: 690 pages
Size: 6.64 MB
Language: English

Among the Horticultural Crops, Fruits and Vegetables (FV) are of primary importance
as the key source of essential components in an adequate and balanced human
diet. FV have supported largely the daily food requirement of mankind since ages and
even before man learned to grow cereal crops systematically. Over the years, growing
FV has been the mainstay of rural economy and has emerged as an indispensable part
of agriculture world over, offering farmers a wide range of crops in varied topography
and climate. In certain parts of the world, FV are the major dietary staple. Apart from
being a rich source of vitamins and minerals, this sector also contributes significantly
in economy of the region or the nation. The increased income from per unit area of FV
is far ahead and can not be compared with that of cereal crops.
A recent survey by the Economist revealed that the world population has increased
by 90 % in the past 40 years while food production has increased only by 25 %
per head. With an additional 1.5 billion mouth to feed by 2020, farmers worldwide
have to produce 39 % more. Looking at the load of the future food requirement, the
global increased production of FV during last few years has absorbed the additional
food requirement and accordingly the eating habits are also changing and shifting towards
more consumption of these commodities worldwide. During 2002, world fruit
production excluding melons was recorded 471.377 million metric tons and that of
vegetables including melons 772.71 million metric tons and thus a total world production
of FV to the tune of 1244.377 million tones has substantially absorbed the additional
food requirement needed for the increasing population (FAOSTAT ,2002).
Unlike cereal crops, there is a wide range of diversity available to farmers to
select suitable FV crops. However, the cultivation of these crops for optimum yield
and quality produce, is highly technical and needs improved technological support.
Management of perennial fruit crops requires further close monitoring especially for
the management of diseases that can affect production significantly and subsequently
the post-harvest life of these highly perishable commodities. In given favourable conditions,
even a single pathogen or disease may cause catastrophe and complete failure
of the crop. The famous Irish potato famine is a well-known example where single
disease could devastate the whole socio-economic fabric of the country and in fact laid
a strong foundation of Plant Pathology.

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