Encyclopedia of Pest Management, Volume 2 by David Pimentel




Bibliographic Information:
Title: Encyclopedia-of-Pest-Management-Volume-2
Editor: David Pimentel
Volume: 2nd
Publisher: CRC Press
Length: 783 pages
Size: 10.0 MB
Language: English



The Encyclopedia of Pest Management focuses on the identification and management of
diverse pest species that damage and/or destroy food and livestock products as well as
home and forest products. Throughout the world we are faced with rapid growth in the
human population. Insuring that all our food and other needs are met is a prime concern
for everyone.
Of major importance is the growing threat to the security of the human food supply.
Signaling the seriousness of the human population explosion to our food security is
the recent World Health Organization report that indicates that, currently, more than
3.7 billion people are malnourished. This is the largest number and proportion of malnourished
ever reported in history. Malnourishment is a serious disease itself but it also
increases human susceptibility to other debilitating diseases like malaria, diarrhea, and
AIDS. Sick and diseased people find it difficult to work and even enjoy the other daily
activities of their lives.
More stringent efforts are needed to conserve and protect the basic environmental
resources that sustain the food system. These resources include fertile land, water, and
energy, as well as diverse biological resources. Consider that more than 99.7% of the
world’s food is produced on the terrestrial ecosystem, while less than 0.3% of the food
is produced in the oceans and other aquatic ecosystems. Looking to the future, more food
will have to come from the land and less from the oceans. Urgently needed are safe,
successful control methods for the destructive pests that ravage and destroy food and
the other resources that sustain a productive agricultural system.
Worldwide, more than 40% of world food production is lost because crops are
destroyed by insects, diseases, weeds, and some vertebrate animals. This tremendous loss
is occurring despite the application of about 3 billion kilograms of pesticides and other
pest controls now being used in world agriculture. Once the crops are harvested, other
insect, microbe, and vertebrate pests destroy an additional 25% during storage and transport.
As a result, more than half of all food produced is lost to pests, despite efforts to
protect it. Clearly, everything possible must be done, both preharvest and postharvest,
to reduce the loss of food to pests. Renewed efforts to more effectively protect food crops,
as well as livestock, home and forest products, must become high priority.
The scientific leaders in pest management throughout the world have contributed to this
encyclopedia. All articles were peer reviewed to reinforce their accuracy and objectivity.
The articles assess the benefits and risks of various pest-management technologies. The
use of pesticides as well as non-chemical controls are included, with every effort made
to use quantitative data. In addition, they discuss the environmental and public-health
impacts of pest control. We anticipate frequent updates as new information on pest
management becomes available.
The editor is grateful to the specialists and colleagues throughout the world who are
experts in the field of pest management and control. They have provided valuable advice
and assistance concerning specific pests and management practices. In addition, the
Advisory Board members, Susan Lee, Encyclopedia Editor and Supervisor, and Anne
Wilson, my Research Assistant, gave tremendous support, guidance, and assistance in
the development and production of this volume.




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