Plant Resistance To Parasitic Nematodes by J.L.Starr, R. Cook and J.Bridge



Bibliographic Information:
Title: Plant Resistance To Parasitic Nematodes
Editor: J.L. Starr
Department of Plant Pathology and Microbiology
Texas A&M University
USA
R. Cook
Institute of Grassland and Environmental Research
Aberystwyth
UK
J. Bridge
CABI Bioscience
Egham
UK
Edition: 1st
Publisher: CABI Publishing
Length: 262 pages
Size: 1.67 MB
Language: English




A primary topic of discussion in the mid 1980s for the Host Resistance
Committee of the Society of Nematologists was how could the committee
stimulate greater efforts in the identification, characterization,
development and eventual deployment of resistance to nematodes. The
outcome of those discussions was the manual ‘Methods for Evaluating
Plant Species for Resistance to Plant-Parasitic Nematodes’, which was
published by the Society of Nematologists in 1990. Unfortunately, the
Society lacked the advantages of a commercial publishing house for
effective advertisement and distribution of the manual, and thus apparently
it has had little impact. Since 1990 there has been little evidence
to suggest that efforts to develop and deploy host resistance have
increased to any significant degree. Yet those factors that make the use
of resistance an important goal have not diminished, indeed they have
increased. These pressures include increasing limitations on the use of
nematicides, the absence of any new and widely available nematicides,
the narrow profit margins for many agricultural systems, lack of grower
interest in other management alternatives, and the limited list of
effective alternatives, such that host resistance must be given a higher
priority. Additionally, in many regions where subsistence agriculture
predominates, resistance is among the few management tactics that can
be deployed to increase both yield potential and yield stability with
little or no additional cost to the producer. Thus to continue the efforts
to stimulate greater interest in the practical aspects of host resistance, I
approached CAB International about publishing another text on this
topic. I was then able to enlist the aid of John Bridge and Roger Cook as
co-editors, and together we convinced several colleagues and friends to
contribute chapters to the text. The present volume is much improved
over my original effort. Although the organization of this volume is
very similar to the first manual, we have added three new chapters (one
on the yam nematode, Scutellonema bradys, one on marker-assisted
selection, and the editors’ reflections on the current status of the use of
resistance). The other chapters, some with the same and some with new
authors, have all been rewritten and provide greater detail on how to
establish successful resistance screening programmes. Our immediate
goal is to stimulate increased activity in the identification, characterization,
development and deployment of resistance to important
nematode species. We firmly believe that if these objectives are
achieved, all agricultural production systems will benefit through
increased yields, improved yield stability, and a reduction in the use of
potentially hazardous nematicides.




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